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History

HISTORY OF SRI LANKA.

 Recorded history of Sri Lanka begins with the arrival of Vijaya, an exiled prince of India. Who with 700 followers made landfall at Thambapani, now known as Mannar in

543 B.C.
            Vijaya made Thambapani his capital and ruled there for 38 years. He was succeeded by his nephew who made Anuradhapura his capital. Historic city of Anuradhapura remained the centre of sinhalese kingdom for well over 1000 years.
Buddhism was introduced to Sri Lanka in 307 B.C. by Arahat Mahinda, the son of emperor Asoka of India during the reign of king Devanampiyathissa.
This is the most important event in Sri Lankan history as it set the country on the path of cultural greatness.

This beautiful island was ruled by Portuguese, Dutch and the British. Portuguese were the first to arrive in 1505 and British the last. Finally the country gained independence in 1948. Sri Lanka became a sovereign republic in 1972, with membership in the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations Organization. The country has enjoyed a democratic multi party system ever since.

                             HERITAGES OF GLORY

The civilization of Sri Lanka spans
more than twenty centuries the
masterpieces of architecture, sculpture
and arts recorded in the historic cities
and citadels bears testimony for it.
 

Significantly this beautiful Island
contains as many as six cultural
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES.
Many of these are located in the area
called the cultural triangle.
 

Two of the dome shaped buddhist
relic shrines of Anuradhapura are
classed after Egypt’s great pyramids
as the world’s most massive ancient
monuments. the 2200-year-old sacred
BO tree is the oldest tree in the world.


Rock temple of Dambulla, SCULPTURES,
SHRINES AND MONASTRIES OF
POLONNARUWA ARE IMPRESSIVE
SITES AND BOUND TO ATTRACT
EVERY VISITOR.The stunning 5th
century rock fortress, Sigiriya, is
the eighth wonder of the world.


Kandy, the picturesque hill
capital, set amid mountain
ranges, lake, river and royal
Botanical Garden is a sanctuary
of arts, crafts and culture.
the golden roofed Dalada Maligawa,
the shrine of the sacred tooth relic of
lord Buddha is the main attraction of the
city.Esala perahara, the annual pageant
is a glittering spectacle paraded on the
streets of kandy with traditional dancers,
drummers,acrobats and costumed
elephants, is one of the most
magnificiant in Asia.
 

 The southern port city, Galle,
apart from it’s natural harbour
and beautiful surroundings houses
another imposing UNESCO world
heritage site the 17th century Dutch Fort.
Sri Lanka the country rich in Culture
and Arts fascinates every visitor with it’s
priceless treasures.